President Rafael Correa of Ecuador personally committed to lead the way in making the necessary changes to eliminate tax havens throughout the world, reported Oxfam in June.
"If the world is to be ethical, we must create a global institutional framework that eliminates tax havens - where capital is faceless and has no responsibility," Correa said.
We will seek to include this key issue on the agenda of the General Assembly of the U.N. We will coordinate with the G77 countries to ban tax havens,” he added.
Additionally, the head of state, along with some notable economists and academics, signed a letter issued by Oxfam urging world leaders to eliminate tax havens and financial opacity protecting multinationals.
Risa Cañete, coordinator of Oxfam's “Even It Up” campaign in Latin America and the Caribbean, noted that “32 million people would get out of poverty if Latin American residents, who have capital hidden in tax havens, paid the income taxes they are supposed to.” This figure represents the entire population of poor people living in Bolivia, Colombia, El Salvador and Peru, she added.
The move comes after the Panama Papers, confidential files from the Panamanian law firm Mossack Fonseca, were leaked on April 3, ensnaring high-level Latin American politicians in a sprawling tax evasion scandal.
Although several regional leaders announced investigations into the owners of offshore companies mentioned in the documents after the scandal came to light, tax evasion remains a legal practice in many countries.