While serving as U.S. Secretary of State, Hillary Clinton led a series of actions to promote the privatization of Mexico's energy industry, documents revealed by Wikileaks show.
According to the website DesMog, the U.S. democratic presidential hopeful and her staff at the State Department were actively promoting the privatization of Mexico’s oil industry after then-Mexican President Felipe Calderon began speaking about possible reforms in 2008.
The controversial energy reform was passed by current President Enrique Peña Nieto in 2014.
The country's hydrocarbons have been constitutionally managed by the state-owned company, Pemex since 1938, after the Mexican oil expropriation.
The website identifies three U.S. officials as being key in this process of pushing for an opening of Mexico’s energy sector: David Goldwyn, the first U.S. International Energy Coordinator who was named by Clinton in 200; Carlos Pascual, Goldwyn's successor and former U.S. ambassador to Mexico; as well as Neil Brown, a former top-level staffer for Senator Richard Lugar.
“Mexico officials remain extremely sensitive about any public — especially US — comments regarding energy reform and production,” reads a February 2010 cable from the U.S. Embassy in Mexico, prior to a visit to the country by Goldwyn. “We should retain the (U.S. government's) long-standing policy of not commenting publicly on these issues while quietly offering to provide assistance in areas of interest to the (Mexican government).”
Clinton's former collaborators now work in the private sector and stand to gain financially from the energy reforms they helped create, DesMog said.
In 2011, while he was a presidential candidate, Peña Nieto said Mexico had been held hostage by an ideology that delayed the development and dynamism of the energy sector. After wining the presidency, he passed a series of neoliberal structural reforms during his first 20 months of government, including the highly criticized partial privatization of the country’s oil.
Left-wing activists and politicians have challenged Peña Nieto's energy reform, saying it will result decrease public revenue for social spending. The oil industry is Mexico’s largest source of income.