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  • A soldier holds a rifle in front of a large image of Vietnam

    A soldier holds a rifle in front of a large image of Vietnam's Ho Chi Minh, outside a ceremony to celebrate his birthday in Hanoi. | Photo: Reuters

Published 2 September 2017

The Communist revolutionary leader Ho Chi Minh established the Democratic Republic of Vietnam 72 years ago.

Vietnam celebrated its independence day, with Vietnamese Prime Minister Xuan Phuc welcoming diplomats in the capital of Hanoi to mark the occasion.

Phuc recalled that on this day 72 years ago, the first Vietnamese president, the Communist revolutionary leader Ho Chi Minh, established the Democratic Republic of Vietnam.

The Heroic Vietnam People’s Army Turns 72

He also highlighted the country’s “Do Moi” (renovation) policies that first were initiated in 1986 with the goal of creating a "socialist-oriented market economy", that he said are contributing to “great economic and social success.”

“To know the pain and losses during the war, the Vietnamese people appreciate the value of peace and make great efforts, together with the international community, for making a world free of conflicts and poverty a reality, in which nations are united for common development and prosperity,” the Prime Minister also asserted at the event.

Independence was won in the country following the August Revolution, which was launched by the Viet Minh (League for the Independence of Vietnam), that toppled French colonial rule in Vietnam, on August 14, 1945.

The Venezuelan ambassador to the country, Jorge Rondon Uzcategui, also attended the event. He remarked that Vietnam’s independence “required extraordinary sacrifices and heroism, under the leadership of the illustrious and unforgettable President Ho Chi Minh.”

The diplomat highlighted “Vietnam's important socioeconomic progress and its performance as a responsible and active member of the international community.”

Just a day earlier, members of the Vietnam-Venezuela Friendship Association, representatives from the Communist Party of Vietnam, Vietnam’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs and National Security, as well as other social movement leaders had met to reaffirm their support for Venezuela and its Bolivarian Revolution.

Saturday also marked the death anniversary of Ho Chi Minh. During the Vietnam war, the U.S. government had attempted to paint Vietnam, under his leadership, as a communist "threat" and made many attempts to overthrow him and his government.

Ultimately, however, the United States was unsuccessful as the Vietnam People’s Army, founded in 1944 by Ho Chi Minh, defeated U.S. troops in a military campaign.

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