Uruguay has tabled a bill to block fracking for a four-year period. The bill was approved on Dec. 5 by the Senate.
The parliament gave the green light to restrict the use of hydraulic drilling.
In August, Uruguay Libre de Megamineria urged government officials to ban fracking to prevent U.S. company, Schuepbach Energy International – located in northern Uruguay – engaging in the process.
Contrarily, the company claims “it does not use fracking.”
Libre de Megamineria outlined the cons of fracking, explaining the possible risks of contamination by the chemicals used to extract the shale oil, especially to the Guarani Aquifer water supply.
Environmental activists from Uruguay, Brazil and Argentina marched, at the beginning of August, against the exploration of hydrocarbons, which involves drilling.
"There is no basis, there is no reason, to put the water in the area at risk when, because of the geological knowledge that exists, there are no hydrocarbons in the country and if there were any they would have already been found," environmental journalist, Victor Bacchetta, said earlier this month.
The aquifer is shared by Uruguay, Paraguay, Argentina and Brazil.