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  • Fidel Castro next to Angolan president Agostinho Neto

    Fidel Castro next to Angolan president Agostinho Neto | Photo: Cubadebate

Published 12 November 2015

Cuba’s Fidel Castro deployed 36,000 troops to defend Angola from U.S. and Apartheid South Africa invasions.

Angolan President Jose Eduardo dos Santos recognized and thanked Cuba on Thursday for its important support in achieving national independence 40 years ago.

Commemorating four decades of independence from colonial powers, dos Santos invited a Cuban delegation to honor the historical events that led Fidel Castro to deploy 36,000 troops to defend Angola from U.S. and Apartheid South Africa military invasions.

While Angola won its independence from Portugal on January 15, 1975, inner political conflicts escalated between the leftist People's Movement for the Liberation of Angola (MPLA), the National Liberation Front of Angola (FNLA), and the National Union for the Total Independence of Angola (UNITA).

Seeking to control the political situation in its favor, the U.S. had set up a covert CIA operation to support the FLNA and UNITA with US$30 million, arms and military advisers. Apartheid South Africa supported the CIA operation by carrying out invasions, incursions and sabotages against Marxist forces within Angola.

In 1987 the MPLA, with Cuban support, finally defeated the South Africans at the village Cuito Cuanavale after a six month battle.

Dos Santos said during the commemoration that “all of the sacrifice was worth it” for Angolan self-determination.

"This simple tribute we also dedicate it to all the Cuban internationalists, who together with Angolans combatants fought to defend the sovereignty of the motherland of (then Angolan president) Neto," said Salvador Valdes Mesa, the head of the delegation and vice president of the State Council.

Cuba has continued to assist Angola with teaching methods like “Yes, I can,” which has allowed more than a million Angolans to learn to read and write, as well as medical and exchange programs.

ANALYSIS: Cuban Support Crucial in Winning Angolan Independence

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