The UN expressed concerns over “Palestinian children shot dead by Israeli forces after carrying out or being suspected of carrying out stabbing attacks.”
Twenty-five Palestinian children were killed in the last three months of 2015 during a wave of Israeli attacks and the number detained was the highest in seven years, the UN children's agency said.
"Serious concerns arose regarding excessive use of force, particularly in relation to incidents where Palestinian children were shot dead by Israeli security forces after carrying out or being suspected of carrying out stabbing attacks," UNICEF said in a report.
It said more than 1,300 Palestinian children were injured during the spike in attacks, almost all in the West Bank and east Jerusalem, while three Israeli children were hurt in the West Bank and West Jerusalem.
UNICEF cited the example on October 25 in Hebron in the West Bank of a 17-year-old girl who was "taken by IDF (Israel Defence Forces) soldiers for a search, shot with at least five bullets and killed."
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"Israeli authorities said that she had attempted to stab a policeman, however an eyewitness stated that she was not presenting any threat at the time she was shot, and was shouting that she did not have a knife," it said.
Compared with the high toll for the October-December period, UNICEF recorded four Palestinian children killed and 165 injured between July and September.
UNICEF also voiced alarm over the number of Palestinian children aged between 12 and 17 held by the Israeli army, noting the tally stood at 422 at the end of December according to the Israeli prison service, the highest recorded since March 2009.
Israeli law allows Palestinian children from the age of 12 to be put on trial.
More than 200 Palestinians have been killed since October as part of renewed violence in the Palestinian occupied West Bank. Many of those killed did not pose a threat to Israeli troops and were shot during clashes and protests or in alleged stabbing attacks.
The recent violence was sparked by successive incursions by hard-line Israeli groups into Al-Aqsa Mosque compound, the third-holiest site in Islam.