On Monday, the United Nations reported that over two million children have been displaced as a result of war and famine in South Sudan.
The volume in which the minors have fled the war-torn region has created a refugee crisis, according to the United Nations. “No refugee crisis today worries me more than South Sudan,” Valentin Tapsoba, the African chief for the United Nations High Commission for Refugees (UNHCR), said in a statement.
The civil war, which ravished the oil-producing nation, began two years after it won independence from Sudan. The country is widely identified as one of the world’s least-developed nations. Annexed by hyperinflation, parts of the country began to experience extreme famine, which created Africa’s biggest refugee crisis since the Rwandan genocide in 1994.
The UNHCR and other UN agencies reported that nearly three in every four Sudanese children do not attend school. "The future of a generation is truly on the brink," warned Leila Pakkala, United Nations Children's Fund's (UNICEF) regional director for eastern and southern Africa. "The horrifying fact that nearly one in five children in South Sudan has been forced to flee their home illustrates how devastating this conflict has been for the country's most vulnerable."
More than one million children have left South Sudan, while another one million are internally displaced. The agencies estimate that more than a thousand children have lost their lives in the ongoing conflict.
The UN report stated that approximately 62 percent of the South Sudanese refugees are children and more than 75,000 of that number are without their families. The organization's statement also pointed out that nearly three-quarters of the children are out of school – the highest out-of-school population in the world.
South Sudan has a population of 12 million.
Many South Sudanese refugees have fled to neighboring Uganda, Kenya, Sudan or Ethiopia.