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  • U.S. President Barack Obama speaks at a news conference in Rancho Mirage, California Feb. 16, 2016.

    U.S. President Barack Obama speaks at a news conference in Rancho Mirage, California Feb. 16, 2016. | Photo: Reuters

Below we look at how the United States government has provided “assistance” in order to sow dissent within Cuban society.

President Barack Obama is scheduled to meet with U.S.-backed opposition organizations on Tuesday in Cuba as part of his visit to the island.

IN DEPTH: Obama's Historic Trip to Cuba

Leading up to his meeting, teleSUR takes a look at the historic ties between Cuban dissidents and the U.S. government.

Despite the thawing of diplomatic relations, the U.S. government continues to provide financial “assistance” to individuals and groups dedicated to "regime change" in Cuba.

1. USAID Meddles in Cuban Affairs

Over the years, programs such as the National Endowment for Democracy or the United States Agency for International Development have received mounting criticism for interfering in Cuban domestic affairs in order to promote U.S. interests.

In 2009, Cuban authorities arrested and sentenced U.S. official Alan Gross, who was financed by USAID to establish an illegal Internet service in the island nation aimed at destabilizing the country.

2. Launching a "Social Media Network"

Similarly, in 2014, it was revealed that USAID had launched a covert social media network, ZunZuneo, in order to foment opposition to Cuba's government.

3. Infiltrating Hip-Hop Movements

Nearly eight months later, it was discovered that USAID spent more than two years trying to infiltrate Cuba’s hip-hop movement, seeking to exploit the island's thriving cultural scene for its own ends.

4. Millions in Funding for "Civil Society" Groups

In September 2015, U.S. government websites were posting employment opportunities in order to manage its Cuba programs in areas including “civil society development, community development and youth programs,” for which candidates would need to obtain “secret” security clearance. Also, as recently as January 2016, the U.S. State Department announced the provision of US$5.6 million in grant money to institutions seeking to promote "individual, civil, political, and labor rights within the country."

5. Funding the Ladies in White Group

During his visit, President Obama is also expected to meet with leaders from the The Ladies in White, a Cuban dissident group formed in 2013 by the wives of so-called "political prisoners."

While they claim to be neutral they have enjoyed the steady support and mentoring of the U.S. government. According to classified diplomatic cables released by WikiLeaks, the U.S. Interests Section requested funding for the Ladies in White and working with the group figures prominently in the section’s activities.

WATCH: Obama and Castro Meet at the Palace of the Revolution

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