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Great Britain's Record of Bloodshed, Imperialism, Genocide

IN PICTURES: For those who fought throughout the 20th century to rid themselves of colonial rule and imperialist occupation by the UK, the price paid was heavy.

For those who suffered under a dying British colonialism that was desperate to maintain its "possessions" at all costs, many of the wounds still have not healed nor has the blood dried.

teleSUR takes a look at just some of the more infamous atrocities carried out by the empire upon which "the sun never set," a country that still remains a monarchy, still occupies far-flung foreign territories such as the Malvinas in Argentina, and still continues to take part in imperialist military operations throughout the 'post-colonial' world. (special thanks to Crimes of Britain for their contribution)

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On March 31 1904 hundreds of Tibetans were slaughtered by the British with Maxim machine guns. The order from the British was “to make as big a bag as possible.” The day after the massacre Colonel Younghusband, who led the British invasion into Tibet, stated “I trust the tremendous punishment they have received will prevent further fighting, and induce them at last to negotiate”
On March 31 1904 hundreds of Tibetans were slaughtered by the British with Maxim machine guns. The order from the British was “to make as big a bag as possible.” The day after the massacre Colonel Younghusband, who led the British invasion into Tibet, stated “I trust the tremendous punishment they have received will prevent further fighting, and induce them at last to negotiate” Photo:National Army Museum, Study collection
North King Street massacre, 28 April 1916: At least seventeen civilians were shot and bayoneted to death by the British Army who went on a murderous rampage on North King Street and its environs.  British troops broke into the homes of locals, accused innocent people of being ‘rebels’ and murdered them. Some of the victims were buried in their gardens and cellars by the soldiers.
North King Street massacre, 28 April 1916: At least seventeen civilians were shot and bayoneted to death by the British Army who went on a murderous rampage on North King Street and its environs. British troops broke into the homes of locals, accused innocent people of being ‘rebels’ and murdered them. Some of the victims were buried in their gardens and cellars by the soldiers. Photo:Irish Post
In colonial Amritsar, India, on 13 April 1919, British troops under the command of General Dyer fired into a crowd who had gathered at the Jallianwala Bagh public gardens for 10 minutes. Fire was directed towards to the few open gates through which people were trying to flee. Reginald Dyer who ordered the massacre was hailed a hero in Britain.
In colonial Amritsar, India, on 13 April 1919, British troops under the command of General Dyer fired into a crowd who had gathered at the Jallianwala Bagh public gardens for 10 minutes. Fire was directed towards to the few open gates through which people were trying to flee. Reginald Dyer who ordered the massacre was hailed a hero in Britain. Photo:Mural near the entrance of Jalianwala Bagh Garden
Following an Irish operation in which over 14 British intelligence agents were killed, British forces attacked a friendly football match between Dublin and Tipperary at Croke Park. The Tipperary captain Michael Hogan and thirteen spectators died at the scene and almost one hundred people were injured.
Following an Irish operation in which over 14 British intelligence agents were killed, British forces attacked a friendly football match between Dublin and Tipperary at Croke Park. The Tipperary captain Michael Hogan and thirteen spectators died at the scene and almost one hundred people were injured. Photo:Public Domain
Shaji massacre, China, 1925: On June 23rd 1925 a group of Chinese workers and students in Guangzhou demonstrated, the British military police answered with fire. 52 died. Upon hearing of the massacre workers in Hong Kong responded with a General Strike. A boycott on British goods was declared.
Shaji massacre, China, 1925: On June 23rd 1925 a group of Chinese workers and students in Guangzhou demonstrated, the British military police answered with fire. 52 died. Upon hearing of the massacre workers in Hong Kong responded with a General Strike. A boycott on British goods was declared. Photo:Wikipedia
The British killed at least twenty Palestinian villagers at al-Bassa in September 1938, during an operation in which they were also tortured.  Some 50 Palestinian men rounded up by British soldiers who then put around twenty on to a bus which was then forced to drive over a landmine.
The British killed at least twenty Palestinian villagers at al-Bassa in September 1938, during an operation in which they were also tortured. Some 50 Palestinian men rounded up by British soldiers who then put around twenty on to a bus which was then forced to drive over a landmine. Photo:Ullstein Bild
On April 23rd 1930, British troops stormed Peshawar to suppress non-violent demonstrators who were protesting the arrest of Ghaffar Khan. As troops moved into the Bazaar, British armored cars drove into the square at high-speed, killing several people, and then opened fire with machine guns on the unarmed crowd.  Almost 400 were gunned down by British forces at the Qissa Khwani Bazaar (the Storytellers market).
On April 23rd 1930, British troops stormed Peshawar to suppress non-violent demonstrators who were protesting the arrest of Ghaffar Khan. As troops moved into the Bazaar, British armored cars drove into the square at high-speed, killing several people, and then opened fire with machine guns on the unarmed crowd. Almost 400 were gunned down by British forces at the Qissa Khwani Bazaar (the Storytellers market). Photo:National Army Museum, Study collection
The British Army under the guidance of Churchill perpetrated a massacre on the streets of Athens in the month of December 1944. 28 protesters were shot dead, a further 128 injured. The British demanded that all guerrilla groups should disarm on the 2nd December 1944. The following day 200,000 marched against these demands, and this is when the British Army under Churchill’s orders turned their guns on the people.
The British Army under the guidance of Churchill perpetrated a massacre on the streets of Athens in the month of December 1944. 28 protesters were shot dead, a further 128 injured. The British demanded that all guerrilla groups should disarm on the 2nd December 1944. The following day 200,000 marched against these demands, and this is when the British Army under Churchill’s orders turned their guns on the people. Photo:AFP
Sherman tanks and troops from the 5th (Scottish) Parachute Battalion, British 2nd Parachute Brigade, fighting against members of ELAS in Athens, 18 December 1944. Churchill regarded ELAS (Greek People’s Liberation Army) and EAM (National Liberation Front) as “miserable banditti,” these were the very people who ran the Nazis out. His actions in the month of December were purely out of his hatred and paranoia for communism.
Sherman tanks and troops from the 5th (Scottish) Parachute Battalion, British 2nd Parachute Brigade, fighting against members of ELAS in Athens, 18 December 1944. Churchill regarded ELAS (Greek People’s Liberation Army) and EAM (National Liberation Front) as “miserable banditti,” these were the very people who ran the Nazis out. His actions in the month of December were purely out of his hatred and paranoia for communism. Photo:No 2 Army Film & Photographic Unit
The Batang Kali massacre was the killing of 24 villagers by British troops during the so-called "Malayan Emergency." A conflict the British secretly described as the “defence of the rubber industry." Despite several investigations into the murders no charges have been brought against any of the perpetrators. In 2015, the British decided that there would be no inquiry into the massacre because it was “too long ago”.
The Batang Kali massacre was the killing of 24 villagers by British troops during the so-called "Malayan Emergency." A conflict the British secretly described as the “defence of the rubber industry." Despite several investigations into the murders no charges have been brought against any of the perpetrators. In 2015, the British decided that there would be no inquiry into the massacre because it was “too long ago”. Photo:Wikipedia
Chuka massacre, Kenya, 1953: Troops of the King
Chuka massacre, Kenya, 1953: Troops of the King's African Rifles carry supplies on horseback on watch for Mau Mau rebels. 22 unarmed people were murdered by the British Army’s King’s African Rifles in the Kenyan village of Chuka in June 1953. The British Ministry of Defence in 2006 refused to release files relating to the massacre. There is no doubt this is just the tip of the iceberg when it comes to British colonial terror throughout the so-called emergency. Photo:Ministry of Defence
Hola massacre, Kenya, 1959: 11 Kenyans were clubbed to death by British colonial guards in the Hola ‘detention camp’. 150,000 men, women and children were forced into these camps. Rape, castration, cigarettes, electric shocks and fire all used by the British to torture the Kenyan people.  The Cowan Plan advocated the use of force and sometimes death against Kenyan POWs who refused to work.  A cover up followed where the British tried to blame “contaminated water" for their deaths.
Hola massacre, Kenya, 1959: 11 Kenyans were clubbed to death by British colonial guards in the Hola ‘detention camp’. 150,000 men, women and children were forced into these camps. Rape, castration, cigarettes, electric shocks and fire all used by the British to torture the Kenyan people. The Cowan Plan advocated the use of force and sometimes death against Kenyan POWs who refused to work. A cover up followed where the British tried to blame “contaminated water" for their deaths. Photo:Crimes of Britain
The Ballymurphy Massacre saw the British Army murder 11 civilians in cold blood over a 36 hour period. On Monday 9th August 1971 internment without trial was introduced by the British government in the North of Ireland. Over 600 British soldiers entered the Ballymurphy area of West Belfast, raiding homes and rounding up men. Young and old were shot and beaten as they were dragged from their homes. All 11 of the unarmed civilians were murdered by the British Army’s Parachute Regiment who would go on to carry out more massacres in the North of Ireland.
The Ballymurphy Massacre saw the British Army murder 11 civilians in cold blood over a 36 hour period. On Monday 9th August 1971 internment without trial was introduced by the British government in the North of Ireland. Over 600 British soldiers entered the Ballymurphy area of West Belfast, raiding homes and rounding up men. Young and old were shot and beaten as they were dragged from their homes. All 11 of the unarmed civilians were murdered by the British Army’s Parachute Regiment who would go on to carry out more massacres in the North of Ireland. Photo:Public Domain
McGurks Bar massacre, Ireland, 1971: On the evening of Saturday 4th December 1971 a loyalist terror outfit known as the UVF directed by the British military planted a no-warning bomb on the doorstep of a family run pub in Belfast, Ireland. 15 people in total were killed including two children.
McGurks Bar massacre, Ireland, 1971: On the evening of Saturday 4th December 1971 a loyalist terror outfit known as the UVF directed by the British military planted a no-warning bomb on the doorstep of a family run pub in Belfast, Ireland. 15 people in total were killed including two children. Photo:Wikimedia
Bloody Sunday massacre, Ireland, 1972: A British soldier drags a protester during a march, later known as "Bloody Sunday," in Londonderry, Northern Ireland. On the 30th January 1972 14 unarmed civilians shot dead by the British Army on the streets of the Irish city of Derry. Shortly after the massacre the Queen decorated Derek Wilford who commanded the Parachute Regiment and went on to give honours to Mike Jackson who spread lies about the victims.
Bloody Sunday massacre, Ireland, 1972: A British soldier drags a protester during a march, later known as "Bloody Sunday," in Londonderry, Northern Ireland. On the 30th January 1972 14 unarmed civilians shot dead by the British Army on the streets of the Irish city of Derry. Shortly after the massacre the Queen decorated Derek Wilford who commanded the Parachute Regiment and went on to give honours to Mike Jackson who spread lies about the victims. Photo:Public Domain
A mural calling for an inquiry into the 1972 Springhill Massacre, Beechmount area of the Falls Road, Belfast On the 9th of July, 1972, 5 people were shot dead by British Army snipers in the Springhill estate in Belfast, Ireland. Three were civilians, including a priest. The two others were members of Fianna Eireann, an Irish revolutionary youth organisation.
A mural calling for an inquiry into the 1972 Springhill Massacre, Beechmount area of the Falls Road, Belfast On the 9th of July, 1972, 5 people were shot dead by British Army snipers in the Springhill estate in Belfast, Ireland. Three were civilians, including a priest. The two others were members of Fianna Eireann, an Irish revolutionary youth organisation. Photo:Wikipedia
New Lodge massacre, Ireland, 1973: On the night and early morning of the 3rd and 4th of February 1973, six young local men from the New Lodge Road area of North Belfast were shot dead in a coordinated attackby the British Army and a loyalist death squad.
New Lodge massacre, Ireland, 1973: On the night and early morning of the 3rd and 4th of February 1973, six young local men from the New Lodge Road area of North Belfast were shot dead in a coordinated attackby the British Army and a loyalist death squad. Photo:Public Domain
Loughinisland massacre, Ireland, 1994: On the 18th June 1994 in the village of Loughinisland members of the British backed terror outfit the UVF burst into a pub with assault rifles and fired on customers. Six people were killed.  Britain overtly and covertly colluded with death squads in Ireland. The British-funded report that was released in June 2016 couldn’t conceal this fact any longer.
Loughinisland massacre, Ireland, 1994: On the 18th June 1994 in the village of Loughinisland members of the British backed terror outfit the UVF burst into a pub with assault rifles and fired on customers. Six people were killed. Britain overtly and covertly colluded with death squads in Ireland. The British-funded report that was released in June 2016 couldn’t conceal this fact any longer. Photo:Crimes of Britain
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